Japanese

Japanese onomatopoeia for food ! -Part1-

Crunch crunch, munch munch. There are many sounds you make when you eat or drink. Words that express sound are called onomatopoeia, and they don't just exist in English! It is said that Japanese actually has 4500 onomatopoeia!

But here's the interesting part: they're not just for sounds! Japanese also has onomatopoeia to express motions, looks, condition, or how you feel. In regards to food, these can be jiggling or melty things.

The second type of onomatopoeia are called mimetic words, or ideophones. They represent something that has no sound. For the rest of this article, we will refer to all these types of words under the umbrella of onomatopoeia.

In this article, we will learn Japanese onomatopoeia you can use when you eat!

Justina
There are so many kinds of Japanese onomatopoeia! I want to express my feeling better in Japanese when I eat food!
We will share onomatopoeia, the meaning, pronunciation, and a sound image! You can also see foods which the onomatopoeia is mostly used!
Atsuya

Onomatopoeia for food

サクサク (saku-saku) / crispy, crunchy

サクサク (saku-saku)

サクサク (saku-saku) means crunchy or crispy. This is used especially for food with a crispy coating. Rather than something really crunchy or crispy, this is for something slightly crispy. You can also use it for a flaky pastry!

Sentence

このフィッシュアンドチップスはサクサクで美味しいね!

These fish and chips are crispy and good!

サクサク foods

Cookie, fish and chips, tempura (天ぷら), fried shrimp (エビフライ/ebi-furai), fried pork (とんかつ/ton-katsu).

カリカリ (kari-kari) / crispy, crunchy

カリカリ (kari-kari)

カリカリ (kari-kari) means crunchy. It is different than サクサク (Sakusaku), the other crispy sound. It expresses a cracking sound on a hard surface. You can use it for potato chips or senbei!

Sentence

もうちょっとカリカリしてたら、このフライドチキン美味しいのになー。

This fried chicken would be good if it was more crispy.

カリカリ foods

Deep-fried chicken, crispy bacon, fried dumpling, crispy fried potato, and deep-fried cheese.

シャキシャキ (shaki-shaki) / crunchy for vegetables

シャキシャキ (shaki-shaki)

シャキシャキ (shaki-shaki) means crunchy when used for vegetables! It sounds fresh and crunchy for Japanese people.

Sentence

この野菜はシャキシャキしてて、新鮮だね!

This vegetable is crunchy and fresh!

ホクホク (hoku-hoku) / soft and crumbly

ホクホク (hoku-hoku)

ホクホク (hoku-hoku) means soft and crumbly. You can use ホクホク (hoku-hoku ) when you eat baked potatoes. ホクホク (hoku-hoku) expresses not only the softness but also the warmth of the potato.  

Sentence

このサツマイモはホクホクで美味しい!

This sweet potato is soft and good!

ホクホク foods

Baked or steamed potato, sweet potato, and pumpkin!

とろ~り (toro-o-ri) / creamy and melty

とろ~り (toro-o-ri)

とろ~り (toroori) is an onomatopoeia for a long stretching, sticky, and melty thing. Imagine melted cheese as you pull a slice of hot pizza from the pie! You can also use とろーり for creamy custard!

Sentence

チーズがとろ~りしてて美味しい!

I love this melted cheese!

とろ~り foods

Melted cheese, creamy custard, and creamy sauce or soup.

もちもち (mochi-mochi) / soft and sticky

もちもち (mochi-mochi)

もちもち (mochimochi) means chewy or doughy.  You can use this for Turkish delight, donuts, and of course food with mochi in it!

Sentence

このドーナッツもちもちしてて美味しい!

This donut is chewy and good!

もちもち foods

Soft rice, chewy pasta and other noodles, donut and mochi foods!

ふわふわ (fuwa-fuwa) / fluffy

ふわふわ (fuwa-fuwa)

ふわふわ (fuwafuwa) means fluffy and soft. You can use this for fluffy pancakes or marshmallows.

Sentence

ふわふわのパンケーキが食べたい…

I want a fluffy pancake...

ふわふわ foods

Fluffy pancake, sponge cake, chiffon cake, and whip cream.

ぷるぷる (puru-puru) / jiggle jiggle

ぷるぷる (puru-puru)

ぷるぷる (purupuru) means jiggly. You can use this for flan or pudding! Do you know the Pokémon jigglypuff? It’s called プリン (purin) in Japanese! 

It is said that the Japanese name is originated from the word “pretty” but Japanese people imagine ぷるぷる from プリン!

Sentence

プリンがぷるぷる震えてる!

A pudding is jiggling!

ぷるぷる foods

All jiggly food!

Onomatopoeia for when you eat

Next we'll share about how to say munch munch and gobble gobble in Japanese.

Here are some ways to say munch munch in Japanese.

パクパク and モグモグ

パクパク (pakupaku) means eating lightly. You can use this word for eating lightly and focusing on just eating.

モグモグ (mogumogu) means munch munch. You can use this word when eating and chewing something without opening your mouth.

ご飯をパクパク/モグモグ食べる。

ガツガツ and ペロペロ

ガツガツ(gatsugatsu) means gobble gobble. It expresses that you are so into the food, you eat it fast and can’t stop eating!

カレーをガツガツ食べる

Gobble curry rice.

 

ペロペロ(pero pero) means lick lick. You can use ペロペロ for when you lick candy or ice cream!

キャンディーをペロペロ舐める

Lick a candy.

Express your feelings for food in Japanese!

Using onomatopoeia is a good way to express your feelings when you eat. But you can also see how Japanese onomatopoeia is complicated, since Japanese has many types of crunchy and crispy words.

The Japanese onomatopoeia world is really big, but don't worry. It is actually really fun to learn onomatopoeia because it connects Japanese culture and peoples' feelings!

Let's express your feelings when you eat your favorite food in Japanese.✨

Justina

私はとろ~りチーズが大好き!

I love melted cheese so much! 

いいね!カリカリのチーズも最高だね!

Good! Crispy cheese is the best too!

Atsuya

-Japanese
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